HNMC's Center for Lung Diseases provides the most advanced diagnostics and treatment for people with Lung Diseases.
Computed tomography (CT Scan)
CT scanning is used to diagnose and stage lung cancer.
Positron emission tomography (PET Scan)
PET scan is used to detect metabolic activity of a tumor and identify other areas of tumor spread. The highly sensitive PET scan picks up the metabolic signal of actively growing cancer cells in the body.
A lung biopsy obtains small samples of lung tissue for microscopic evaluation. There are several biopsy techniques that may be used, depending on the tumor size, location and the health status of the patient. Each patient is evaluated and the best approach determined.
After receiving sedation, a flexible tube is inserted through the mouth or nose to examine the airways for direct inspection of the airway. Through this tube a biopsy is obtained.
Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA)
A thin needle is inserted through the chest wall to obtain a sample of lung tissue. CT scan, ultrasound or flouroscopy are usually used to guide the needle to the desired location.
Open Lung Biopsy
An open biopsy requires an incision between the ribs and direct inspection of the lung to obtain the desired biopsy. This requires general anesthesia. An open biopsy is usually done when the other methods of lung biopsy have not been successful, cannot be used, or when a larger piece of lung tissue is needed for a diagnosis.
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)
Is a less invasive surgical technique surgery that allows surgeons to directly inspect the lung and obtain the desired biopsy specimens.
Is a surgical procedure to examine the area between the lungs to ascertain if lymph nodes are involved with cancer.